SimCCS is part of multiple past and ongoing projects. Details about these projects are below.
SimCCS is a software tool with the potential to revolutionize CCS integrated infrastructure design by providing a versatile, open-source platform for collaborative study. Researchers are able to modify the software to test novel optimization models and network generation algorithms, and also to develop custom HPC resource integration. SimCCS2.0 is intended to serve as a platform for future research efforts via shared resources throughout the CCS stakeholder community. Current efforts include expanded integration with HPC resources across the XSEDE network. Improvements of SimCCS are also being undertaken that will automate the generation of the weighted-cost surface, as well as provide the capability to determine source and storage parameters from within the software. This effort will reduce the dependency on strictly formatted source, storage, and weighted-cost surface data and will enable users to design CCS infrastructure deployments without having to generate this data by themselves.
The U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center – Advanced Coal Technology Consortium (CERC-ACTC) is advancing the technologies need to safely and efficiently use fossil resources while addressing new challenges associated with carbon neutral power generation. SimCCS is a flagship effort of the CERC-ACTC, and has been used to support CCUS decision making and to better understand the cost sensitivities of CCUS in both the US and China as part of the CERC-ACTC effort. The CERC-ACTC is managed by the Energy Institute at West Virginia University and was formed to demonstrate leadership in the area of advanced coal technology including carbon capture, utilization and storage in both China and the United States. As the world’s top energy consumers and energy producers, the U.S. and China are playing central roles in the world’s transition to a clean energy economy now and in the years ahead. Reducing emissions, shifting to cleaner energy sources, and implementing advanced coal technologies are common interests to both countries.
The objective of Regional Initiatives to Accelerate CCUS Deployment is to identify and address onshore regional storage and transport challenges facing commercial deployment of CCUS (https://www.energy.gov/fe/foa-2000-regional-initiative-accelerate-ccus-deployment). SimCCS is currently a key part of three of the four regional initiatives:
- Carbon Utilization and Storage Partnership (CUSP) of the Western United States (2019–2022) | Sponsor: DOE | PI: New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology (Bauch). CUSP’s primary objective is to catalog, analyze, and rank carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) options for the western United States. CUSP will focus on the assembly of existing CCUS data into a uniform database, augmenting and refining data where gaps are identified and feeding the data into various analytical and optimization models to create a series of readiness indices for the western region of the United States.
- Regional Initiative to Accelerate CCUS Deployment in the Midwest and Northeastern USA | Sponsor: DOE | PI: Battelle Memorial Institute (Gupta). This project combines two Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships—the Midwest RCSP led by Battelle and the Midwest Geologic Sequestration Consortium led by the Illinois State Geological Survey—to form a new regional initiative comprising Midwestern and northeastern states. The initiative will align the investigation of key technical challenges and the regional infrastructure evaluation with three sedimentary basins and the Arches province.
- Southeast Regional Carbon Utilization & Storage Partnership (SECARB-USA) | Sponsor: DOE | PI: Southern States Energy Board (Nemeth). SECARB-USA encompasses parts of southern states with diverse storage opportunities in oil, saline, and unconventional reservoir settings. The project will identify at least 50 potential regional sites that will be used to address the key technical challenges and support the regional infrastructure evaluation.
The Carbon Storage Assurance Facility Enterprise (CarbonSAFE) Initiative projects focus on development of geologic storage sites for the storage of 50+ million metric tons (MMT) of carbon dioxide (CO2) from industrial sources. CarbonSAFE projects will improve understanding of project screening, site selection, characterization, and baseline monitoring, verification, accounting (MVA), and assessment procedures, as well as the information necessary to submit appropriate permits and design injection and monitoring strategies for commercial-scale projects (https://www.netl.doe.gov/coal/carbon-storage/storage-infrastructure/carbonsafe). These efforts will contribute to the development of 50+ MMT storage sites in anticipation of injection by 2026.
SimCCS has been a tool in six CarbonSAFE projects to date:
- CarbonSAFE Rocky Mountain Phase I: Ensuring Safe Subsurface Storage Of Carbon Dioxide In The Intermountain West (2017–2018) | Sponsor: DOE | PI: University of Utah (McPherson) https://www.netl.doe.gov/node/1308..
- Nebraska Integrated Carbon Capture and Storage Pre-Feasibility Study | Sponsor: DOE | PI: Battelle Memorial Institute (Duguid) https://www.netl.doe.gov/node/1347.
- Northern Michigan Basin CarbonSAFE Integrated Pre-Feasibility Project| Sponsor: DOE | PI: Battelle Memorial Institute (Gupta) https://www.netl.doe.gov/project-information?p=FE0029276.
- CAB-CS: Central Appalachian Basin CarbonSAFE Integrated Pre-Feasibility Project| Sponsor: DOE | PI: Battelle Memorial Institute (Cumming) https://www.netl.doe.gov/node/1294.
- Integrated Midcontinent Stacked Carbon Storage Hub | Sponsor: DOE | PI: Battelle Memorial Institute (Duguid) https://www.netl.doe.gov/node/1343.
- Establishing An Early Carbon Dioxide Storage (ECO2s) Complex In Kemper County, Mississippi: Project ECO2S | Sponsor: DOE | PI: Southern States Energy Board (Nemeth) https://www.netl.doe.gov/project-information?p=FE0029465.
Development of a new optimization model that natively accounts for source and storage uncertainty, and development of an entirely new optimization framework that is not dependent on solving computationally expensive MIPs.
The Southwest Regional Partnership on Carbon Sequestration (SWP) is one of seven regional partnerships established in 2003 by the US DOE to study carbon management strategies. Since the creation of the partnership SWP has completed a number of studies (Phase I, Phase II), but our most exciting work has been the Phase III study now underway at Farnsworth Oil Field.
- The cross-scale science of CO2 capture and storage: from pore scale to regional scale: https://pubs.rsc.org/ko/content/articlehtml/2012/ee/c2ee03227a.
- Mesoscale Carbon Sequestration Site Screening and CCS Infrastructure Analysis: https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es101470m.
- Effects of geologic reservoir uncertainty on CO2 transport and storage infrastructure: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1750583612000369.